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如果您搞工程不了解EPC,BOT,PPP,您將寸步難行!

如果您搞工程不了解EPC,BOT,PPP,您將寸步難行!

2019-08-26 09:03:42 全康 26699

【GONGCHENGZONGCHENGBAO(EPC)MOSHI】

GONGCHENGZONGCHENGBAO(EngineeringProcurement Construction)MOSHI,YECHENGWEISHEJI,CAIGOUHESHIGONGYITIHUAMOSHI。ZHEYIWEIZHUZAIXIANGMUJUECEJIEDUANZHIHOU,CONGSHEJIKAISHIDAOZHAOBIAO,DOUSHIYOUGONGCHENGGONGSIWEITUOJINXINGSHEJI,CAIGOU,SHIGONGDEZONGCHENGBAO。ZAIZHEZHONGMOSHIXIA,GONGCHENGGONGSIFUZEGENJUHETONGZHONGZHIDINGDEZONGJIAHUOKEDIAOZONGJIADUIXIANGMUDEJINDU,CHENGBEN,ZHILIANGHEANQUANXINGJINXINGGUANLIHEKONGZHI,BINGGENJUHETONGZHONGDEGUIDINGWANCHENGXIANGMU。HETONG。 EPCYOUXUDUOYANSHENGWUHEZUHE,LIRUEP + C,E + P + C,EPCm,EPC,EPCaDENG。

【YOUDIAN】

1.YEZHUJIANGXIANGMUDESHEJI,CAIGOU,SHIGONGHEQIDONGFUWUWEITUOZONGCHENGBAOSHANGJINXINGZUZHIHESHISHI。YEZHUJINFUZEZONGTI,YUANZEHEMUBIAODEGUANLIYUKONGZHI,ERZONGCHENGBAOSHANGZEGENGYOUNENGLICHONGFENFAHUIQIZHUGUANNENGDONGXING。KEYILIYONGQIXIANJINDEGUANLIJINGYANWEIYEZHUHECHENGBAOSHANGZISHENCHUANGZAOGENGDUOLIYI;TIGAOGONGZUOXIAOLV,JIANSHAOXIEDIAOGONGZUOLIANG;

2.SHEJIBIANGENGSHAO,SHIGONGZHOUQIDUAN;

3.YOUYUCAIYONGLEZONGJIAHETONG,YINCIJIBENSHANGWUXUZHIFUSUOPEIHEEWAIDEXIANGMUCHENGBEN;XIANGMUDEZUIZHONGJIAGEHESUOXUDEJIANSHEQIJUYOUGENGDADEQUEDINGXING。

[QUEDIAN]

1.YEZHUBUNENGDUIGONGCHENGJINXINGQUANCHENGKONGZHI;

2.ZONGCHENGBAOSHANGFUZEZHENGGEXIANGMUDECHENGBEN,GONGQIHEZHILIANG,ZHEZENGJIALEZONGCHENGBAOSHANGDEFENGXIAN。WEILEJIANGDIFENGXIANBINGHUODEGENGDUODELIRUN,ZONGCHENGBAOSHANGKENENGHUIDIAOZHENGSHEJIJIHUAYIJIANGDICHENGBEN,ZHEKENENGHUIYINGXIANGZHILIANGDECHANGQIYIYI;

3.YOUYUCAIYONGLEZONGJIAHETONG,CHENGBAOSHANGZAIHUODEYEZHUDEBIANGENGDANHEFUJIAFEIYONGFANGMIANJIHUMEIYOULINGHUOXING。

污水處理設備__全康環保QKEP

【XIANGMUGUANLICHENGBAO(PMC)MOSHI】

PMCJIProjectManagement Consultant,DAIBIAOXIANGMUGUANLICHENGBAO。DAIBIAOYEZHUDAIBIAOXIANGMUGUANLICHENGBAOSHANGJINXINGXIANGMUDEQUANGUOCHENGHEQUANFANGWEIXIANGMUGUANLI,BAOKUOZONGTIXIANGMUGUIHUA,XIANGMUDINGYI,XIANGMUZHAOBIAO,EPCCHENGBAOSHANGDEXUANZEYIJIQUANMIANSHEJI,CAIGOU,SHIGONG,HESHIYUNXINGGUANLI,YIBANBUZHIJIECANYUXIANGMUSHEJI,CAIGOU,SHIGONGHESHIYUNXINGDEJUTIGONGZUO。 PMCMOXINGFANYINGLECHUBUSHEJIHESHIGONGTUSHEJIDEFENLI。SHIGONGTUSHEJIJINRUJISHUJINGZHENGLINGYU,DANCHUBUSHEJIYOUPMCWANCHENG。

【YOUDIAN】

1.KEYICHONGFENFAHUIGUANLICHENGBAOSHANGZAIXIANGMUGUANLIZHONGDEZHUANYEJINENG,TONGYIXIEDIAOHEGUANLIXIANGMUDESHEJIYUSHIGONG,JIANSHAOCHONGTU;

2.YOULIYUJIESHENGJIANSHEXIANGMUTOUZI;

3.ZHEZHONGMOSHIKEYIYOUHUAXIANGMUSHEJI,BINGZAIXIANGMUSHENGMINGZHOUQINEISHIXIANZUIDICHENGBEN;

4.ZAIBAOZHENGZHILIANGDETONGSHI,YOULIYUCHENGBAOSHANGHUODEXIANGMUWEILAIQIYUEHUOSHOUYIFENPEIDEQUANLI,CONGERKEYISUODUANGONGQI。ZAIGAOFENGXIANDIQU,TONGCHANGHUISHIYONGXINGDONGLAIWENDINGTUANDUI。

[QUEDIAN]

1.YEZHUDUIXIANGMUDECANYUCHENGDUDI,BIANGENGQUANYOUXIAN,XIEDIAOKUNNAN;

2.SUOYOUZHEMIANLINDEZUIDAFENGXIANSHISHIFOUKEYIXUANZEGAOJIXIANGMUGUANLIGONGSI。

3.ZHEZHONGMOSHITONGCHANGSHIYONGYU:XIANGMUTOUZIEZAI1YIMEIYUANYISHANGDEDAXINGXIANGMU;QUEFAGUANLIJINGYANDEGUOJIAHEDIQUDEXIANGMU。YINRUPMCKEYIQUEBAOXIANGMUCHENGGONGWANCHENG,BINGYOUZHUYUZHEXIEGUOJIAHEDIQUTIGAOXIANGMUGUANLISHUIPING;SHIYONGYINXINGHUOWAIGUOJINRONGJIGOUJIANZAODEXIANGMU,CAITUANDAIKUANHUOCHUKOUXINDAI;DAXINGXIANGMU,QIZHONGBAOHANXUDUOFUZADEGUOCHENGANZHUANG,ERSUOYOUZHEDUIZHEXIEGUOCHENGBINGBUSHUXI。


【SHEJIJIANZAO(DB)MOSHI】

JISHEJI-JIANZAOMOSHI(DesignAnd Build),ZAISHIJIEFANWEINEIYECHENGWEI“JIAOYAOCHICAOZUO”。ZAIZHONGGUO,TABEICHENGWEISHEJISHIGONGZONGCHENGBAOMOXING(Design-Construction)。QUEDINGXIANGMUYUANZEHOU,SUOYOUZHEXUANZEYIJIAGONGSIFUZEXIANGMUDESHEJIHESHIGONG。GAIFANGFAJIYUTOUBIAOHEDINGLIHETONGSHIDEZONGJIAHETONG。SHEJIJIANZAOZONGCHENGBAOSHANGFUZEZHENGGEXIANGMUDECHENGBEN。TASHOUXIANXUANZEYIJIAZIXUNHESHEJIGONGSIJINXINGSHEJI,RANHOUSHIYONGJINGZHENGXINGZHAOBIAOLAIXUANZEFENBAOSHANG。DANGRAN,TAHUANKEYILIYONGGONGSIDESHEJIHESHIGONGNENGLILAIWANCHENGBUFENXIANGMU。

BIMIANSHEJIYUSHIGONGZHIJIANDEMAODUN,KEYIDADAJIANGDIGONGCHENGCHENGBEN,SUODUANGONGQI。DANSHI,SUOYOUZHEDEZHUYAODANXINSHIXIANGMUSHIGENJUHETONGWANCHENGHEJIAOFUDE,BINGBUGUANXINCHENGBAOSHANGRUHESHISHI。TONGSHI,ZAIXUANZECHENGBAOSHANGSHI,JIANGSHEJIJIHUADEZHILIANGZUOWEIZHUYAODEPINGBIAOYINSU,KEYIQUEBAOYEZHUHUODEGAOZHILIANGDEXIANGMU。

【YOUDIAN】

1.YUCHENGBAOSHANGJINMIHEZUO,WANCHENGXIANGMUJIHUAZHIZHIYANSHOU,ZHEJIANSHAOLEXIEDIAODESHIJIANHECHENGBEN;

2.ZAICANYUCHUQI,QIYEKEYIJIANGQIZAICAILIAO,SHIGONGFANGFA,JIEGOU,JIAGEHESHICHANGFANGMIANDEZHISHIHEJINGYANZHENGHEDAOSHEJIZHONG;

3.KONGZHICHENGBEN,JIANGDIJIANSHECHENGBEN。GUOWAIJINGYANZHENGMING,SHISHIDBMOSHIKEYIPINGJUNJIANGDICHENGBENYUE10%。

4.ZAIJINDUKONGZHIZHONG,SUODUANGONGQI;

5.DANYIZEREN。YIBANERYAN,JIANSHEXIANGMUDEHETONGGUANXISHISUOYOUZHEYUCHENGBAOSHANGZHIJIANDEGUANXI。YEZHUDEZERENSHIANZHAOHETONGGUIDINGDEFANGSHIFUKUAN。ZONGCHENGBAOSHANGDEZERENSHIANSHITIGONGYEZHUYAOQIUDECHANPIN。SHIGONGQUANGUOCHENGFUQUANBUZEREN。

[QUEDIAN]

1.KONGZHIZUIZHONGSHEJIHEXIJIEDENENGLIHENDI;

2.YEWUSHEJIDUIXIANGMUDEJINGJIYINGXIANGHENDA,CHENGBAOSHANGZAIDBMOSHIXIACHENGDANGENGDADEFENGXIAN;

3.ZHILIANGKONGZHIZHUYAOQUJUEYUTOUBIAOSHIYEZHUGONGNENGMIAOSHUDEZHILIANG,ZONGCHENGBAOSHANGDESHUIPINGDUISHEJIZHILIANGDEYINGXIANGJIAODA;

4.SHIJIANDUAN,QUEFAZHUANMENDEFALVFAGUI,MEIYOUTESHUDEBAOXIANZHONGLEI;

5.GAIFANGFAFUZAQIEJINGZHENGLIJIAOXIAO。


【BINGXINGJIAOFU(DBB)MOSHI】

JI SHEJI-ZHAOBIAO-JIANZAOMOSHI(Design - Bid -Build),TASHISHIJIESHANGZUICHANGJIAN,ZUIZAODEYINGYONGCHENGXUQIANYUEMOXINGZHIYI。ZHIYEZHUWEITUOJIANZHUSHIHUOZIXUNGONGCHENGSHIJINXINGDEQIANQIGONGZUO(RUJIHUIYANJIU,KEXINGXINGYANJIUDENG),SHEJIJIANGZAIXIANGMUPINGGUHEPIZHUNHOUJINXING。ZAISHEJIJIEDUAN,ZHUNBEIHAOSHIGONGZHAOBIAOWENJIAN,RANHOUTONGGUOZHAOBIAOXUANZECHENGBAOSHANG。DANGEXIANGMUDEFENBAOYIJISHEBEIHECAILIAODECAIGOUTONGCHANGYOUCHENGBAOSHANG,FENBAOSHANGHEGONGYINGSHANGFENBIEQIANDINGHETONG,BINGZUZHISHISHI。ZAIXIANGMUSHISHIJIEDUAN,GONGCHENGSHIXIANGYEZHUTIGONGSHIGONGGUANLIFUWU。GAIMOXINGDEZUIDATEDIANSHIQIANGDIAOBIXUANZHAOD-B-BDESHUNXUZHIXINGGONGCHENGXIANGMU,BINGQIEZHIYOUYIGEJIEDUANJIESHUERLINGYIGEJIEDUANKEYIKAISHI。

【YOUDIAN】

YOUDIANSHIGUANLIFANGFABIJIAOCHENGSHU,GEFANGDOUSHUXIXIANGGUANCHENGXU,SUOYOUZHEKEYIZIYOUXUANZEZIXUNSHEJISHI,KEYIKONGZHISHEJIYAOQIU,KEYIZIYOUXUANZEGONGCHENGSHI,SHUXIBIAOZHUNHETONGWENBEN。GEFANGDOUKEYISHIYONG,ZHEYOULIYUHETONGGUANLI,FENGXIANGUANLIHETOUZIJIANSHAO。

[QUEDIAN]

1.XIANGMUZHOUQICHANG,YEZHU,SHEJISHIGONGDANWEIFENBIEQIANDINGHETONGZIXINGGUANLIXIANGMU,GUANLIFEIYONGGAO;

2.SHEJIDEKESHIGONGXINGCHA,GONGCHENGSHIKONGZHIXIANGMUMUBIAODENENGLIBUQIANG;

3.BULIYUGONGCHENGSHIGUDEZERENFENGONG,YOUYUTUZHIWENTICUNZAIHENDUOJIUFENHESUOPEI。ZHEZHONGGUANLIMOSHISHISHIJIESHANGZUICHANGJIANDE,JIYUSHIJIEYINXINGHETONGTIAOJIANDEXIANGMU,YAXINGDAIKUANXIANGMUHEGUOJIZIXUNGONGCHENGSHILIANHEHUI(FIDIC)DOUCAIYONGZHEZHONGMOSHI。MUQIANZAIZHONGGUOGUANGFANCAIYONGDE“XIANGMUFARENZERENZHI”,“ZHAOBIAOTOUBIAOZHI”,“SHIGONGJIANLIZHI”HE“HETONGGUANLIZHI”JIBENSHANGSHIZHISHIJIEYINXING,YAXINGHEFIDICDECHUANTONGMOSHI。


【SHIGONGGUANLIHETONG(CM)MOSHI】

Construction Management ApproachMO SHIYOUCHENG“BIANSHEJI、BIANSHIGONG”FANGSHI。FENJIEDUANFABAOFANGSHIHUOKUAISUGUIDAOFANGSHI。 CMMOXINGSHISUOYOUZHEWEITUOCAIYONGYOUTIAOJIANDE“SHEJIHESHIGONG”ZUOWEICHENGBAOSHANGDECMDANYUAN,QIZHONGDIANSHISUODUANXIANGMUZHOUQI,YECHENGWEIKUAISULUJINGFANGFA。YEJIUSHISHUO,KUAISUTONGDAODESHENGCHANZUZHIFANGFAYONGYUSHIGONGGUANLI,ZHIJIEZHIDAOSHIGONGHUODONG,BINGZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGYINGXIANGSHEJIHUODONG,YUYEZHUDEHETONGTONGCHANGCAIYONG“CHENGBEN+LIRUN”DECHENGBAOMOSHI。GAIFANGFASHIYONGSHIGONGJINGLILAIXIEDIAOSHEJIYUSHIGONGZHIJIANDEMAODUNBINGGONGKAIJUECE。

QITEDIANSHIYEZHUHEYEZHUWEITUODEXIANGMUJINGLIHEGONGCHENGSHIZUCHENGLIANHETUANDUI,GONGTONGZUZHIHEGUANLIXIANGMUDEGUIHUA,SHEJIHESHIGONG。WANCHENGZIXIANGMU(DANGE)XIANGMUSHEJIDEYIBUFENHOU,GAIBUFENJIANGBEIZHAOBIAOBINGYUCHENGBAOSHANGQIANDINGHETONG。ZAIMEIYOUZONGCHENGBAOSHANGDEQINGKUANGXIA,SUOYOUZHEZHIJIEYUCHENGBAOSHANGJIUMEIGEXIANGMUQIANDINGHETONG。

ZHESHIJINNIANLAIZAIGUOWAIGUANGFANLIUXINGDEHETONGGUANLIMOXING。GAIMOXINGBUTONGYUGUOQUDELIANXUSHIGONGHESHENGCHANMOXING,ZAILIANXUMOXINGHESHENGCHANMOXINGZHONG,SUOYOUSHEJITUZHIJUNZAITOUBIAOZHIQIANWANCHENG。

CMMOSHIDESHIXIANXINGSHIYOULIANGZHONG:CMDANYUANFUWU,ZIDAILILEIXINGHEFEIDAILILEIXING。

1.DAILIXINGCM(“Agency” CM):ZUOWEISUOYOUZHEDEDAILIGONGZUO,BINGSHOUQUFUWUFEI。

2.FENGXIANXINGCM(“At-Risk” CM):ZUOWEIZONGCHENGBAOSHANG,NINKEYIZHIJIEFENFABAOGUO,ZHIJIEYUFENBAOSHANGQIANDINGHETONG,BINGXIANGSUOYOUZHEBAOZHENGZUIDADEXIANGMUCHENGBENGMP。RUGUOSHIJIXIANGMUCHENGBENCHAOGUOGMP,ZECHAOCHUBUFENYINGYOUCMDANWEICHENGDAN。

【YOUDIAN】

1.ZAIXIANGMUJINDUKONGZHIFANGMIAN,YOUYUCMMOSHICAIYONGFENSANCHENGBAOHEJIZHONGGUANLI,SHEJIYUSHIGONGWANQUANZHONGDIE,YOULIYUSUODUANGONGQI;

2. CMDANYUANJIAQIANGLEYUSHEJIZHEDEXIEDIAO,KEYIJIANSHAOYOUYUXIUGAISHEJIERDAOZHIDEGONGQIYANCHI。

3.ZAITOUZIKONGZHIFANGMIAN,TONGGUOXIEDIAOSHEJI,CMDANYUANHUANKEYIBANGZHUYEZHUCAIYONGJIAZHIGONGCHENGDENGFANGFADUISHEJITICHUHELIJIANYI,CONGERWAJUEJIESHENGTOUZIDEQIANLI,BINGZAISHEJIGUOCHENGZHONGDADAJIANSHAOSHEJIBIANGENGSHIGONGJIEDUAN。RUGUOCAIYONGJUYOUGMPDECMMOXING,ZECMBUMENJIANGCHENGDANGENGZHIJIEDEJINGJIZERENLAIKONGZHIXIANGMUCHENGBEN,ZHEKEYIDADAJIANGDISUOYOUZHEZAIXIANGMUCHENGBENKONGZHIZHONGDEFENGXIAN;

4.ZAIZHILIANGKONGZHIFANGMIAN,CAIYONGXINJISHU,XINFANGFA,SHEJIYUSHIGONGDEJIEHEYUXIEDIAO,JIANGYOUZHUYUTIGAOSHIGONGZHILIANG; 5)FENBAOSHANGDEXUANZEYOUYEZHUHECHENGBAOSHANGGONGTONGJUEDING。YINCI,ZHEGENGMINGZHI。

[QUEDIAN]

1.DUICMJINGLIJIQIDANWEIDEZIGEHESHENGYUYAOQIUJIAOGAO;

2.FENXIANGMUZHAOBIAOKENENGDAOZHIGENGGAODEHETONGFEIYONG;

3. CMMOSHITONGCHANGCAIYONG“CHENGBENJIABAOCHOU”HETONG,ZHEXUYAOXIANGDUIJIAOGAODEHETONGMOBAN。


【GOUJIAN-YUNYING-CHUANSHU(BOT)MOSHI】

JI JIANZAO-YUNYING-YIJIAO(Build-Operate-Transfer)MOSHI。ZHIYIGEGUOJIADECAITUANHUOTOUZIZHEZUOWEIXIANGMUDEFAQIZHE,GAIXIANGMUCONGYIGEGUOJIADEZHENGFUHUODEXIANGMUDEJICHUSHESHIJIANSHETEXUQUAN,RANHOUYUQITAFANGDULIZUJIANXIANGMUGONGSI,FUZEXIANGMURONGZI,SHEJI,SHIGONGHEYUNYING。ZAIZHENGGETEXUJINGYINGQIJIAN,XIANGMUGONGSICONGXIANGMUYUNYINGZHONGHUOQULIRUN,BINGSHIYONGCILIRUNCHANGHUANZHAIWU。YOUHUIQIJIESHUHOU,ZHENGGEXIANGMUJIANGYOUXIANGMUGONGSIMIANFEIHUOYIZUIDIMINGYIJIAGEYIJIAOGEIDONGDAOGUOZHENGFU。

BOTMOSHIDEZUIDATEDIANSHI,ZAIZHENGFUDEYUNXUHEZHICHIXIA,YOUSHIKEYIXIANGSHOUYOUHUIZHENGCE,CONGERTUOKUANLERONGZIQUDAO。 BOOT,BOO,DBOT,BTO,TOT,BRT,BLT,BT,ROO,MOT,BOOST,BOD,DBOMHEFBOOTDOUSHIBIAOZHUNBOTCAOZUODEBUTONGYANBIANFANGFA,DANSHITAMENDEJIBENTEZHENGSHIXIANGTONGDE,JIXIANGMUGONGSIBIXUHUODEZHENGFUYOUGUANBUMENDEXUKE。GAIMOXINGZHUYAOYONGYUJICHANG,SUIDAO,DIANCHANG,GANGKOU,SHOUFEIGONGLU,DIANXIN,GEISHUIHEWUSHUICHULIYIJIQITATOUZIDA,JIANSHEZHOUQICHANG,YUNYINGYOULIKETUDEJICHUSHESHIXIANGMU。

【YOUDIAN】

1.KEYIJIANQINGZHENGFUDEZHUQUANZHAIWUHEHUANZHAIZEREN;

2.GONGGONGJIGOUDEFENGXIANKEYIZHUANYIGEISIRENCHENGBAOSHANG,YIBIMIANGONGGONGJIGOUCHENGDANXIANGMUDESUOYOUFENGXIAN;

3.KEYIXIYINWAIZILAIZHICHIGUONEIJICHUSHESHIJIANSHE,JIEJUEFAZHANZHONGGUOJIAQUEFAJIANSHEZIJINDEWENTI;

4. BOTXIANGMUTONGCHANGYOUWAIGUOGONGSICHENGBAO,ZHEJIANGWEIXIANGMUSUOZAIGUODAILAIXIANJINDEJISHUHEGUANLIJINGYAN,ZHEBUJINHUIGEIGUONEICHENGBAOSHANGDAILAIGENGDUODEFAZHANJIHUI,ERQIEHUANHUICUJINGUOJIJINGJIYITIHUA。

[QUEDIAN]

1.ZAITEXUQINEI,ZHENGFUJIANGSHIQUDUIXIANGMUSUOYOUQUANHEGUANLIQUANDEKONGZHI;

2.CANYUZHEDUO,JIEGOUFUZA,XIANGMUCHANGQI,RONGZICHENGBENGAO;

3.KENENGZAOCHENGDALIANGDESHUISHOUSUNSHI;

4.KENENGDAOZHISHESHIDELVEDUOXINGYUNXING;

5.XIANGMUJIANCHENGHOU,JIANGYOUDALIANGWAIHUILIUCHU;

6.BUDUICHENGDEFENGXIANFENPEIDENG。JINGUANZHENGFUYIJINGZHUANYILEJIANSHEHERONGZIDEFENGXIAN,DANTACHENGDANLEGENGDUODEQITAZERENHEFENGXIAN,LIRULILVHEHUILVFENGXIAN。

污水處理設備__全康環保QKEP

[GONGGONGBUMENHESIYINGQIYEHEZUOMOSHI(PPP)]

SIRENCANYUGONGGONGJICHUSHESHIJIANSHEHEGONGGONGSHIWUGUANLIDEMOSHITONGCHENGWEI“GONGGONGSIRENHUOBANGUANXI(PPP)”。JUTIERYAN,TASHIZHITEXUJINGYINGXIANGMURONGZIMOSHI,QIZHONGZHENGFUHESIYINGQIYEJIYUTEDINGXIANGMUXINGCHENGHEZUOGUANXI。XIANGMUGONGSIFUZERONGZI,JIANSHEHEYUNYING。ZHENGFUTONGCHANGHUIYUTIGONGDAIKUANDEJINRONGJIGOUZHIJIEDACHENGXIEYI。GAIXIEYIBUSHIDUIXIANGMUDEBAOZHENG,ERSHIZHENGFUDUIDAIKUANJIGOUDECHENGNUO,JIANZHAOZHENGFUYUXIANGMUGONGSIQIANDINGDEHETONGZHIFUYOUGUANFEIYONG。GAIXIEYISHIXIANGMUGONGSINENGGOUXIANGDUISHUNLIDICONGJINRONGJIGOUHUODEDAIKUAN。GAIXIANGMUDEYUQISHOUYI,ZICHANHEZHENGFUZHICHIJIANGZHIJIEYINGXIANGDAIKUANDESHULIANGHEXINGSHI。CAIYONGZHEZHONGRONGZIFANGSHIDESHIZHISHI,ZHENGFUSHOUYUMINYINGQIYECHANGQIDETEXUQUANHELIYIQUAN,YIHUANQUJICHUSHESHIDEJIASUJIANSHEHEYOUXIAOYUNYING。

PPPMOXINGSHIYONGYUTOUZIDA,JIANSHEZHOUQICHANG,ZIBENHUIBAOLVDIDEXIANGMU,BAOKUOTIELU,GONGLU,QIAOLIANG,SUIDAODENGJIAOTONGYUNSHUBUMEN,DIANLIHETIANRANQIDENGNENGYUANBUMEN,YIJIDIANXINWANGLUODENGTONGXINYEWU。

WULUNZAIFADAGUOJIAHUANSHIFAZHANZHONGGUOJIA,PPPMOSHIDOUDEDAOYUELAIYUEGUANGFANDEYINGYONG。XIANGMUCHENGGONGDEGUANJIANZAIYU,XIANGMUDECANYUZHEHEGUDONGDUIXIANGMUDESUOYOUFENGXIAN,YAOQIUHEJIHUIDOUYOUQINGXIDELEJIE,CONGERYOUKENENGCHONGFENXIANGSHOUPPPMOSHIDEHAOCHU。

【YOUDIAN】

1.GONGYINGBUMENHESIYINGQIYEZAIQIBUJIEDUANGONGTONGCANYUSHIFAN,YOULIYUJINKUAIQUEDINGXIANGMURONGZIDEKEXINGXING,SUODUANQIANQIGONGZUOZHOUQI,JIESHENGZHENGFUTOUZI;

2.FENGXIANFENPEIKEYIZAIXIANGMUDECHUSHIJIEDUANSHIXIAN。TONGSHI,YOUYUZHENGFUCHENGDANBUFENFENGXIAN,FENGXIANFENPEIGENGJIAHELI,JIANGDILECHENGBAOSHANGHETOUZIZHEDEFENGXIAN,CONGERJIANGDILERONGZINANDU;

3.CANYUXIANGMURONGZIDESIYINGGONGSICANYULEXIANGMUDEZAOQIJIEDUAN,ZHEYOULIYUSIYINGGONGSICONGYIKAISHIJIUYINJINXIANJINDEJISHUHEGUANLIJINGYAN;

4.GONGGONGBUMENHESIYINGQIYEGONGTONGCANYUJIANSHEHEYUNYING,SHUANGFANGKEYIXINGCHENGHULIHUHUIDECHANGYUANMUBIAO,GENGHAODIFUWUYUSHEHUIHEGONGZHONG。

5.ZHENGHECANYUXIANGMUDESUOYOUGEFANG,XINGCHENGZHANLVELIANMENG,ZAIXIEDIAOGEFANGDEBUTONGLIYIFANGMIANFAHUIGUANJIANZUOYONG;

6.ZHENGFUYONGYOUYIDINGDEKONGZHIQUAN。

[QUEDIAN]

1.DUIYUZHENGFUERYAN,RUHEQUEDINGHEZUOGONGSIZENGJIALEZHENGFUDENANDU,ZAIHEZUOZHONGCHENGDANYIDINGDEZEREN,ZENGJIALEZHENGFUDEFENGXIANFUDAN;

2.ZUZHIXINGSHIJIAOWEIFUZA,ZENGJIALEGUANLIXIEDIAODENANDU;

3.RUHESHEZHIXIANGMUDESHOUYILVKENENGHUIYINQIZHENGYI。

聲明:素材來源于網絡如有侵權聯系刪除。